Ethics[ edit ] Immanuel Kant introduced the categorical imperative:
Chapter Two Moral Development Section 1.
How are we to behave toward one another? Morality is a social phenomenon. If a person is alone on some deserted island would anything that person did be moral Why be moral immoral?
That person may do things that increase or decrease the chance for survival or rescue but would those acts be moral or immoral? Most of what we are concerned with in Ethics is related to the situation in which humans are living with others. Humans are social animals.
Society contributes to making humans what they are. For humans there arises the question of how are humans to behave toward one another. What are the rules to be? How are we to learn of them? Why do we need them? Consider what the world would be like if there were no traffic rules at all.
Would people be able to travel by automobiles, buses and other vehicles on the roadways if there were no traffic regulations? The answer should be obvious to all rational members of the human species.
Without basic rules, no matter how much some would like to avoid them or break them, there would be chaos. The fact that some people break the rules is quite clearly and obviously not sufficient to do away with the rules.
The rules are needed for transportation to take place. Why are moral rules needed? For example, why do humans need rules about keeping promises, telling the truth and private property? This answer should be fairly obvious. Without such rules people would not be able to live amongst other humans.
People could not make plans, could not leave their belongings behind them wherever they went. We would not know who to trust and what to expect from others. Civilized, social life would not be possible. So, the question is: Why should humans care about being moral?
There are several answers. Without morality social life is nearly impossible. People care about what others think of them. Reputation and social censure Some people care about doing the right thing.Practical moral skepticism answers the common question, “Why be moral?” This question, like many philosophical questions, is too short to be clear.
It can be expanded and explained in . Teaching at its core is a moral profession. Scratch a good teacher and you will find a moral purpose. At the Faculty of Education, University of Toronto, we recently examined why people enter the teaching profession (Stiegelbauer ).
A. We should be moral because it's right--not whether the act will pay.
1. Essentially, this view holds that we should act morally because of our ethics. (Note that ethics is being used in the prescriptive sense of ethical theory.) 2. Rightness is not a motive for being moral.
Essentially, this innocent inquiry masks a confusion that so many of us get caught in as we think about moral issues. We fail to realize that there is a difference between judging human behavior within an ethical context, or set of moral principles, and justifying the principles themselves.5/5(2).
Other philosophers would argue that being moral is logically required on penalty of being irrational. From this perspective, the question "Why be moral?" is asking what is it that makes it irrational to be immoral or at least keeps it from being irrational to be moral.
Why be moral? The question is, of course, a challenge to justify one’s adherence to morality. One must show that well informed rational beings would choose to behave morally.