The aim of this essay is to discuss and to consider whether the statement that Hitler was indeed a "weak dictator" holds true or is in fact a somewhat sweeping term to use when one considers what Hitler actually achieved as "Master of the Third Reich".
Sudetenland handed to Germany as a result of the Munich conference. He had set out his ideas in a book called Mein Kampf My Struggle that he had written in prison in Hitler felt the Treaty was unfair and most Germans supported this view.
To unite all German speakers together in one country. Hitler hoped that by uniting them together in one country he would create a powerful Germany or Grossdeutschland. His tactics involved using the threat of violence to achieve his aims.
He realised that his potential foes, France and Britain, were reluctant to go to war and were prepared to compromise to avoid a repeat of World War One. He was also an opportunist who often took advantage of events for his own benefit. His foreign policy successes in the s were to make him a very popular figure in Germany.
As one German political opponent described: All Germans hated Versailles. Hitler tore up this hateful treaty and forced France to its knees…. He intensified the programme of secret rearmament. InGermany and Poland concluded an alliance, the first of his infamous ten year non-aggression pacts.
This caused a surprise in Europe at the time. For the next five years Poland and Germany were to enjoy cordial relations. However like many of his agreements, this was a tactical move and Hitler had no intention of honouring the agreement in the long term. In July an attempt by Austrian Nazis to overthrow the government in their country was crushed.
The Austrian Prime Minister Dollfuss was killed in the attempt. Hitler at first supported the attempted coup but disowned the action when it was clear it would fail.
Italy reacted with great hostility to the prospect of Austria falling into Nazi hands and rushed troops to the border with Austria. In January the Saar voted to return to Germany. This region had been placed under the control of the League of Nations by the Treaty of Versailles.
This allowed the French to exploit its coalfields for 15 years.
It was a major propaganda boost for Hitler who could claim that his policies had the backing of the German people. In March, using the pretext that the other powers had not disarmed, Hitler announced that Germany was going to reintroduce conscription and create an army of 36 divisions.
He also said that Germany was going to build up an air force the Luftwaffe and expand her navy. All of these actions were against the terms of the Treaty of Versailles but were very popular in Germany. Britain, Italy and France formed the Stresa front to protest at this action but took no further measures.
This united front against Germany was further weakened when Italy invaded Ethiopia. A factor that helped Hitler was the attitude of the English.The German Domestic situation however was also important to Hitler’s Foreign policy aims. In Hitler had only just made Chancellor and there were only the Nazis in government other than Hitler.
This means that it is likely Hitler would have little support in government. What were Hitler's foreign policy aims?
- To make Germany into a great power again - Germany left the Disarmament Conference and the League of Nations in , so the League of Nations had little power over Hitler What percentage of Austria voted in favour of Anchluss? %. How were the Anchluss votes rigged by Germany?
In October, , Germany withdrew from the International Disarmament Conference and League of Nations. In , the Nazi Government decided to take the first open steps to free itself from its obligations under the Treaty of Versailles. Extracts from this document Introduction.
To what extent did the international situation in favour Hitler's foreign policy aims? Although in Germany was still to some extent a pariah nation, and many countries were still cautious of Germany's actions; the international climate in which Hitler was operating actually favoured his foreign policy aims.
In a meeting with German military leaders on 3 February , Hitler spoke of "conquest for Lebensraum in the East and its ruthless Germanisation" as his ultimate foreign policy objectives. Although in Germany was still to some extent a pariah nation, and many countries were still cautious of Germany’s actions; the international climate in which Hitler was operating actually favoured his foreign policy aims.