Visit Website Inthe New York entrepreneur Asa Whitney presented a resolution in Congress proposing the federal funding of a railroad that would stretch to the Pacific. Lobbying efforts over the next several years failed due to growing sectionalism in Congress, but the idea remained a potent one. Ina young engineer named Theodore Judah identified the infamous Donner Pass in northern California where a group of westward emigrants had become trapped in as an ideal location for constructing a railroad through the formidable Sierra Nevada mountains.
Legislative history Signed into law by President Abraham Lincoln on July 1, The original Act's long title was An Act to aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from the Missouri river to the Pacific ocean, and to secure to the government the use of the same for postal, military, and other purposes.
It was based largely on a proposed bill originally reported six years earlier on August 16,to the 34th Congress by the Select Committee on the Pacific Railroad and Telegraph. The interspersed non-granted area remained as public lands under the custody and control of the U.
The liens covered the railroads and all their fixtures, and all the loans were repaid in full and with interest by the companies as and when they became due.
Section 10 of the amending Act 13 Statutes at Large, additionally authorized the two companies to issue their own "First Mortgage Bonds"  in total amounts up to but not exceeding that of the bonds issued by the United States, and that such company issued securities would have priority over the original Government Bonds.
The railroads sold portions of their land to arriving settlers at a handsome profit.
Pacific Railway Act approves construction of transcontinental railroad, easing transport of crops, cattle and farming machinery. , Morrill Acts grant large chunks of land to states to establish universities focused on agricultural studies. “Land grant” colleges are born. Pacific Railroad Act of ; Long title: An Act to aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from the Missouri river to the Pacific ocean, and to secure to the government the use of the same for postal, military, and other purposesStatutes at Large: 12 Stat. Graphic Organizer for Pacific Railway Act of Historical Background Congress passed the Homestead Act of to encourage settlers to "go west," claim land, and create a homestead.
Lands closest to the tracks drew the highest prices, because farmers and ranchers wanted to locate near railway stations. First and last pages of the original manuscript of the Pacific Railroad Act of 12 Stat. National Archives The act of March 3, 12 Sta. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the gauge of the Pacific railroad and its branches throughout their whole extent, from the Pacific coast to the Missouri river, shall be, and hereby is, established at four feet eight and one-half inches.
This act set the gauge to be used by the railroads at four feet and eight and one-half inches, a gauge that had previously been used by George Stephenson in England for the Liverpool and Manchester Railway and was already popular with railroads in the Northeastern states.
Due in part to the Act the gauge would come to be widely but not universally adopted in the United States and is known as standard gauge. A common gauge choice allowed easy transfer of cars between different railroad companies and facilitates trackage rights between companies.Pacific Railroad Act () Promoted the construction of the transcontinental railroad.
Visit Website Morrill Land Grant Colleges Act () Provided funding for new colleges in each state (or improvements to existing colleges) from the sale of federal lands. The Pacific Railway Act July 1, (U. S. Statutes at Large, Vol.
XII, p. ff.) An Act to aid in the Construction of a Railroad and Telegraph Line from the Missouri River to the Pacific Ocean. Pacific Railroad Act of ; Long title: An Act to aid in the construction of a railroad and telegraph line from the Missouri river to the Pacific ocean, and to secure to the government the use of the same for postal, military, and other purposesStatutes at Large: 12 Stat.
The Pacific Railroad Act in licensed the Central Pacific and the Union Pacific Railroad Companies to build a transcontinental railroad that would connect the eastern and the western parts of the United States.
Click for more kids facts and information or download the worksheet collection. Construction began in of the 41st parallel route, which had been selected to receive federal grants, but because of the outbreak of the Civil War relatively little was accomplished on the Union Pacific Railroad before the end of fighting in was a very busy year for the Wild West.
In July, President Lincoln signed the Morrill Land Grant Act, just over a month after the Homestead Act and one day after the Pacific Railway Act.