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When your professor requests that you write your paper according to APA style the official style of the American Psychological Associationyou will need to follow several formatting rules that will make your paper more coherent and easier to read. While many of these rules seem basic across all types of writing, APA style does have a handful of specific and unique rules that you must obey.
As a former English teacher for high school students, I offer you this checklist of 15 rules to refer back to when you need help on formatting a particular element in your paper.
It does not matter the type of academic paper that you are writing—a research paper, thesis paper, term paper or dissertation—APA style format remains the same.
My advice applies to the latest edition of APA style which is the 6th edition. You should do most of the pre-formatting for margins, typeface and size, and page numbering before you write the first sentence.
It's now recommended that you use two spaces after a period that ends a sentence instead one space because two spaces enhance the readability of the paper. If you have a habit of spacing only after a period that ends a sentence, you can use your word processor's "Find and Replace" function to change all instances to two spaces.
Example of two spaces after a period. Times New Roman is a standard font installed on all computers. You have no reason to use a different font. All text in the paper should use this font and type size.
For high school students: Never use a size above 12 pt for Times New Roman to make your paper appear longer than it truly is. Times New Roman looks like this Times New Roman font - Use 12 pt.
Instead, APA style uses in-text citations and a Reference page. Example of In-Text Citations Example of in-text citations in body of main text of paper. Example of References page All in-text citations will appear on a separate References page at the end of your paper.
Think of it as an alphabetized "endnotes page. You do not bold-face the word References. It should be plain text.
I have created a separate Hub to show you how to format a References page in APA styleshould you need assistance. Headings Throughout the main text, you may use headings to break up the text into different sections.
APA style has five levels of headings, each of which indicates main headings and various sub-headings based on the way you format them. Level one is centered and bold; level two is flush left and bold; level three is flush left, bold, and italicized; level four is indented, bold, and italicized; and level five is indented and italicized.
Study my examples below. This will show you how APA style wants you to format multiple headings in the main text of your paper. Indention general For the standard main text and for level four and five headings, you need to indent the line 0.
The exception is the main text for the Abstract page on which you do not indent. Example of standard indention.(6th ed.) Per the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) (6 th edition), double-space the entire paper, except with charts or tables.
The American Psychological Association (APA) Style Guide was developed for use primarily in the social sciences for both research papers and journal articles.
The intent is to provide accurate references and citations without hindering the readability of the text and making it easier to type up or type set a manuscript.
It does not matter the type of academic paper that you are writing—a research paper, thesis paper, term paper or dissertation—APA style format remains the same. My advice applies to the latest edition of APA style which is the 6th edition.
Research Papers. Writing a Research Paper; Genre and the Research Paper; Choosing a Topic; Identifying Audiences; Where do I Begin?
APA Classroom Poster; APA Changes 6th Edition; General APA FAQs; MLA Style. MLA Style Introduction; MLA Overview and Workshop; MLA Formatting and Style Guide. The authority on APA Style and the 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual. Find tutorials, the APA Style Blog, how to format papers in APA Style, and other resources to help you improve your writing, master APA Style, and learn the conventions of scholarly publishing.
writing, research, and publishing solution for current and future. Writing a paper for scientific topics is much different than writing for English, literature, and other composition classes. Science papers are much more direct, clear, and concise. This section includes key suggestions, from APA, to keep in mind while formulating your research paper.