Select network Public health is one of the primary concerns of government, and understanding the types and reasons behind health disparities in various communities and demographics is vital. This research paper explores the two health disparities that disproportionately affect the African American community.
Augustine Spanish Floridais the first known and recorded Christian marriage anywhere in what is now the continental United States. The settlers and the slaves who had not escaped returned to Haitiwhence they had come. The status of indentured servants in early Virginia and Maryland was similar to slavery.
Servants could be bought, sold, or leased and they could be physically beaten for disobedience or running away.
Unlike slaves, they were freed after their term of service expired or was bought out, their children did not inherit their status, and on their release from contract they received "a year's provision of corn, double apparel, tools necessary", and a small cash payment called "freedom dues".
Inthe Virginia General Court recorded the earliest documentation of lifetime slavery when they sentenced John Puncha Negro, to lifetime servitude under his master Hugh Gwyn for running away. The Spanish encouraged slaves from the southern British colonies to come to Florida as a refuge, promising freedom in exchange for conversion to Catholicism.
King Charles II of Spain issued a royal proclamation freeing all slaves who fled to Spanish Florida and accepted conversion and baptism. Most went to the area around St. Augustinebut escaped slaves also reached Pensacola. Augustine had mustered an all-black militia unit defending Spain as early as All the colony's slaves, however, were freed upon its surrender to the British.
Massachusetts was the first British colony to legally recognize slavery in InVirginia passed a law that children of enslaved women who were of African descent and thus foreigners took the status of the mother, rather than that of the father, as under English common law. This principle was called partus sequitur ventrum.
That brought problems to the Spaniards with the French Creoles who also populated Spanish Louisiana, French creoles cited that measure as one of the system's worst elements. The earliest African-American congregations and churches were organized before in both northern and southern cities following the Great Awakening.
He was of Native American and African-American descent. During the s, Africans, both enslaved and free, helped rebellious English colonists secure American independence by defeating the British in the American Revolution. They fought in the battle in which Spain took Baton Rouge from the British.
Carondelet doubled the number of free blackmen who served, creating two more militia companies—one made up of black members and the other of pardo mixed race. Serving in the militia brought free blackmen one step closer to equality with whites, allowing them, for example, the right to carry arms and boosting their earning power.
However actually these privileges distanced free blackmen from enslaved blacks and encouraged them to identify with whites. Slavery, which by then meant almost exclusively African Americans, was the most important political issue in the antebellum United Statesleading to one crisis after another. Frederick Douglass Prior to the Civil Wareight serving presidents owned slaves, a practice protected by the U.
They not only helped build the U. Capitolthey built the White House and other District of Columbia buildings.
Washington was a slave trading center. The proclamation declared that all slaves in Confederate-held territory were free. Reconstruction Era and Jim Crow Main articles: While the post-war Reconstruction era was initially a time of progress for African Americans, that period ended in By the late s, Southern states enacted Jim Crow laws to enforce racial segregation and disenfranchisement.
To maintain self-esteem and dignity, African Americans such as Anthony Overton and Mary McLeod Bethune continued to build their own schoolschurchesbanks, social clubs, and other businesses.The shooting of year-old Michael Brown is an awful tragedy that continues to send shockwaves through the community of Ferguson, Missouri and across the nation.
Despite the continuous improvement and attention to the entire health of Americans, the African Americans are prone to more chronic health problem as compared to other races. The disparities are multi-variant and are contributed by numerous issues such as the social, economic status and the lifestyle behaviors.
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Opportunities in education have been progressively moving forward since the s, especially regarding people of color.
Prior to the establishment of Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), African Americans were generally denied admission to traditionally white colleges and universities.
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Two health disparities that affect the African American community are heart disease and diabetes. Heart disease and diabetes are the leading causes of death in African Americans due to the high number of risk factors for the disease and the lack of resources to help treat these health disparities.4/5(5).